Tag Archive | SSH

Which Linux Version Is the Best for Beginners

Beginners who are interested in Linux often get stuck at choosing which version of Linux should they install. There are so many different flavours of the software that it can sometimes be overwhelming to new users.

Well this guide takes a look at some of the most common Linux systems to use. Most often, these versions of Linux are offered for installation from VPS such as DigitalOcean, allowing you to install them freshly and out of the box. If you’re just interested in playing around with Linux, it might be a good idea to setup an account and create your own VPS with Linux installed so you can practise the commands.

You might also be interested in installing Linux on a partition of your harddisk and dual-boot. Whilst doing this is beyond this guide, you might find it useful to search on how to do this as it’ll allow you to really get a feel for each different version of Linux.


Ubuntu is a debian-based Linux operating system. It’s currently one of the most commonly installed versions of Linux, often being the default setup for most Linux setups. It’s also hugely popular with VPS due to its ease of access.

Ubuntu is great for beginners because there are thousands of resources for learning about it. The Ubuntu community, a dedicated forum, allows users of the system to post their beginner questions as well as complex ones for those with the technical know-how.

Ubuntu is also very easy to install and setup; as of writing this article the latest version is Ubuntu 16.04 LTS and can be download for free from their website: http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop


We mentioned Ubuntu, which is based off Debian Linux Operating system. This is my personal favourite, but the difference between Debian and Ubuntu is quite minimal. They both use the similar apt-get commands for installing and managing packages and both have great vibrant communities.

If you’re setting up a VPS, DigitalOcean offer the latest Debian version (Jesse) to install out the box. You can also download Debian from their official website: debian.org

The Debian community also provides lots of tutorials and tips, which you can find on their website.


One other version of Linux I like is Fedora. It is based on innovating and keeping the list of packages up-to-date (unlike other versions where you often have months out-of-date software listed). Fedora versions have short-life spans, with newer versions always being added and support for older ones discontinued.

One thing that makes Fedora great is its approach to Security: it uses something called security-enhanced-linux (also known as Sellinux) which aims to keep the system as secure as possible.

If you want to know more about Fedora, check out their Wikipedia page.


Ultimately, what version of Linux you decide to use is up to you; each version has its own benefits so I suggest trying out a few and seeing which one you like best. If you’re just learning to use Linux via the command terminal or SSH, learning the different commands for each system can sometimes be overwhelming, but once you get a grasp on the basics like (ls, cd, mkdir etc) you’ll find it much easier.


An Overview of Code Signing

What is Code Signing?

Code marking is the technique for utilizing a declaration based digital mark to sign executables and scripts with a specific end goal to confirm the creator’s personality and guarantee that the code has not been changed or ruined since it was marked by the creator. This helps clients and another programming to figure out if the product can be trusted.

Purpose of Code Signing

An executable or a script is likely to cause damage to the computer, so it is really important for the users to have faith on the codes available on the internet. And, when the users are sure that the application is authenticated by Microsoft and not by the LLC or I will hack you, they will feel more comfortable in installing it. However, there are mainly two methods of code signing, which build the customer’s trust.

• The first method is the authentication which helps to find out the real author of the software.

• Another method of winning the trust of the users is by checking the reliability level of the website or the application. It is simply verifying that the software has not been interfered with since it was signed.

The majority of the operating systems like Linux, Apple OS X, Microsoft Windows, web browsers, etc. assist this process. In fact, it is used to make sure that the fake code cannot be dispersed using the patch system.

To elaborate: If you write an application with a particular name and paste your signed certificate on the relevant portal, you are likely to attract the long-term customer relations. Seeing an authenticated certificate before using it will increase their confidence in downloading it.

Another major benefit of using this certification is that it enables its users to trust the updates flashing on their screen. They can blindly trust them as the updates cannot be expected to have come from some irrelevant source.

What is Code Signing Certificate?

With this, it is really important to understand what a code signing certificate actually is. It is basically a certificate that bears the coded signatures which is authenticated while using the public and the personal key systems. These are just like the methods that are used by SSH and SSL.

The code signing authentication goes about as an advanced mark. When you sign information, you incorporate your digital sign with the information. A certificate contains data that completely distinguishes a substance, and is issued by a certificate authority. At the point when the sender of a message signs the message with its private key, the message receiver can utilize the sender’s open key to confirm the identity of the sender.